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Saturday, March 19, 2011

M16 rifle

Rifle, 5.56 mm, M16
From top to bottom: M16A1, M16A2, M4A1, M16A4
Type Assault rifle
Place of origin  United States
Service history
In service 1963–Present
Used by See Users
Wars Vietnam War–Present
Production history
  • Eugene Stoner
  • L. James Sullivan
Designed 1957
  • Colt Defense
  • FN Herstal
  • H & R Firearms
  • General Motors Hydramatic Division
Produced 1960–Present
Number built ~8 million
Variants See Variants
Specifications (M16A2)
Weight 7.8 lb (3.5 kg) (unloaded)
8.79 lb (4.0 kg) (loaded)
Length 39.625 in (1,010 mm)
Barrel length 20 in (508 mm)

Cartridge 5.56x45mm NATO
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt (Direct impingement)
Rate of fire 12-15 rounds/min sustained, 45-60 rounds/min semi-automatic, & 700–950 rounds/min cyclic
Muzzle velocity 3,110 ft/s (948 m/s)
Effective range 550 Meters (point target), 800 Meters (area target)

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